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Table 1 Criteria for animal models of depression and of anxiety disorders

From: Criteria of validity for animal models of psychiatric disorders: focus on anxiety disorders and depression

Reference N Predictive validity Face validity Construct validity Others
[12] 8 Specificity    Efficiency
Speed
Simplicity
Reproducibility
Adequate design
Adequate data processing
Correlation with other tests
[13] 5 Similar response to treatments Analogy of symptoms   Observable and measurable behavioral changes
Interobserver agreement Reproducibility of the system
[14] 4 Is the model thorough in describing features of its cures?
Similarity of cure
Symptoms similarity Is the model thorough in describing features of its cause?
Similarity of physiology, cause
Does model describe the disorder or a sub-category?
Is the model thorough in describing features of its prevention? Similarity of prevention
[17] 3 Predictability Isomorphism Homology  
[9] 6 Predictive validity Face validity Construct validity Reliability
Etiological validity
Convergent validity
Discriminant validity
[28] 3 Predictive Face Construct  
[18] 6 Predictive Face Etiological validity
Construct validity
Convergent validity
Reliability
[19] 3 Predictive Face Construct  
  1. The criteria proposed by various authors are compared to the three criteria elaborated by Willner (1994) [15]. N: number of proposed criteria.