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Table 1 Group characteristics (Mean ± SD)

From: Anterior cingulate cortex and insula response during indirect and direct processing of emotional faces in generalized social anxiety disorder

  gSAD (n = 29) HC (n = 27) t (df = 56) p
Age (years) 24.9 ± 6.3 24.9 ± 5.9 0.02 0.99
Gender 18 F/11 M 15 F/12 M   
Race/Ethnicity 6Asa/3AA/2H/18C 3Asa/1AA/0H/23C   
Social Anxiety Severity 77.3 ± 15.4 7.8 ± 6.3 21.69 <0.001
State Anxiety Level 42.9 ± 8.6 24.0 ± 5.4 9.72 <0.001
Trait Anxiety Level 49.1 ± 8.4 26.6 ± 4.0 12.69 <0.001
Depression Level 12.0 ± 7.9 0.67 ± 1.0 7.41 <0.001
  1. gSAD, Generalized Social Anxiety Disorder participants.
  2. HC, Healthy Control participants.
  3. F, Female.
  4. M, Male.
  5. Asa, Asian American; AA, African American; H, Hispanic; C, Caucasian.
  6. Social anxiety severity measured with the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale.
  7. State and trait anxiety levels measured with the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.
  8. Depression level measured with the Beck Depression Inventory.